According to the report from the 2012 census, carried out by the National Institute of Statistics, Chile has a population of 16,634,603 inhabitants, of whom 8,101,890 are men and 8,532,713 are women. According to the 2002 census, this figure was 15,116,435 inhabitants, of whom 7,447,695 were men and 7,668,740 women.
The growth of the population has diminished over recent years. Although the population of Chile quintupled during the 20th century — the country reached 2,695,625 inhabitants in 1895, then 5,023,539 in 1940, and then 13,348,401 in 1992 — the growth rate for the period from 1992-2002 was 1.24% per year, then between 2002 – 2012 it dropped to 0.99%.
Due to improvements in the living conditions of the population, the life expectancy for Chileans was the highest in South America in 2013. In 2009, it was 78.4 years: 75.74 for men and 81.19 for women. That same year, the average birth rate reached 15.0% and the average mortality rate was 5. 4‰ — with the rate of natural deaths increasing 9. 6‰ (0.96%), while the infant mortality rate was 7, 9‰.
These figures make it possible to set a trend of aging for the Chilean society thats shows the greater part of the population will be over 35 years old in 2020, surpassing the young age group, which is currently the largest.
This way, in 2025, the population pyramid will turn into a bell-shaped profile — a product of the demographic changes that Chile is experiencing.