In the 1960s, life expectancy of Chileans was 60 years. But thanks to improvements in health, education and housing, nowadays the inhabitants live to an average of 79 years, according to a study conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (INE – National Statistics Institute).
The report revealed that Chileans have the longest life span in Latin America, because their life expectancy increased by 19 years. It was also estimated that by 2050 they will live 82 years on average.
Thus, for the past four years Chile has been surpassing its Latin American neighbors in terms of average life expectancy, according to figures provided by the Centro Latinoamericano y Caribeño de Demografía (Celade – Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Center).
The studies predict that in 40 years’ time, Chilean women will live to be 85 on average, whereas men will only reach 79, because of the greater likelihood of their developing illnesses such as cancer and circulatory problems.
The factors influencing the above changes are related to the economic and social development of the country, which has contributed to both reduce infant mortality and extend the life span of the general population.