The country’s economic liberalization does not ignore or postpone its international environmental protection commitments. Chile is an active part of the network of agreements on the conservation of the world’s natural ecosystems.
Environmental defense is at the core of the bilateral agreements that Chile has signed. This can be seen in the free trade agreements with the United States, the European Union and with Canada, in addition to the commitments reached with Argentina and Brazil.
The Stockholm agreement on persistent organic contaminants, the Kyoto Protocol, the Antarctica Treaty, the Ramsar agreement on wetlands and their birds, and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Cites) are only some of the multilateral documents that the Chilean authorities have ratified.
Likewise, Chile participates on the UN Sustainable Development Commission; the Latin American and Caribbean Environment Ministers’ Forum, the Mercosur Environment Ministers’ Meeting, the Ibero-American Environment Ministers’ Meeting, and in the world forum of the UNDP (UN Development Program) on a ministerial level.
For his part, in 2007 former President Ricardo Lagos Escobar was appointed one of the special UN envoys on climate change.
Chile has also voluntarily opened itself up to an evaluation of its environmental performance by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), an instrument that will provide a more integrated perspective on the state of national environmental management.