Learn about Chile’s natural contrasts

As Chile grows and develops, it protects its ecosystem. Eight World Biosphere Reserves are found within its extraordinarily diverse territory.


The vitality of natural contrasts are on display throughout Chile. From the flowering desert in the north of the country to the ancient glaciers of the south, a myriad of ecosystems rich in biodiversity coexist, each of them protected by natural borders and a growing consciousness in Chile about the need to conserve the environment.

The country whose beauty extends from north to south, with resources borne within it that allow Chileans to dream of a better life, on the basis of sustainable development and environmental equity. Chile has opened its eyes to the world, actively participating in international conventions and making space for emerging initiatives that create and develop renewable energy. A few examples of the previous are the many projects that are currently taken place in the northern part of the country, and the changes through which the Santiago’s Subway has been going through; authorities are aiming to power this mean of transportation solely on solar and wind energy

Within the many measurements that the government has taken to protect the biodiversity of our country is the complete prohibition of whale hunting. These giants of the sea swim freely through the national waters and can be admired in different point of our territory, especially near the Chiloé Archipelago’s coasts.

Similar initiatives have been gradually implemented, allowing the protection of diverse species of endemic trees; such as the larch, the second eldest variety in the world with specimens in Chile dating back to more than 3 and a half millennia ago.

The central-south of the country is known as one of the areas of greatest biodiversity for plant species. It boasts the only temperate rainforest of South America whose foliage, formed through the combination of jungle and cold weather climates, is protected by numerous national parks. These places do not only stand out for their beautiful landscapes, but also for being reserves of life for Chile and the entire planet.

In a joint work with the UNESCO, ten strategic points in the country have been declared World Biosphere Reserves. National parks, reserves and monuments are within these limitations, some of them are the Juan Fernández Archipelago National Park — located almost 400 miles into the Pacific — the Laguna San Rafael National Park, the Laguna del Laja National Park and the Torres del Paine National Park, with the massif of the same name as its main attraction.