The Chilean political system is a democratic republic. Despite the classical division of powers, political scientists agree that the 1980 Constitution defines other powers or functions, such as those of the Constitutional Court, the Central Bank, the National Security Council and other bodies.


The form of government is a Presidential Republic, which basically means that the president of the Republic is the Head of State and the leader of the government. Consequently, within this authority there are a lot of varying powers, among them are: to unilaterally initiate legislaative processes, granting constitutional exceptions, the ability to make decrees with the force of law (prior to a law being made by the powers of Congress), the convening of plebiscites and, of course, the appointment of ministers, and a large body of officials who work with him or her in the administration of the State, among others.